However, there were some downsides. The water frame was developed by a man called Richard Arkwright. It was based on an invention by Thomas Highs and the patent was later overturned. The machine made it possible to mass produce strong yarn and reduced the need to spin cotton by hand. A self-made man, he was a leading entrepreneur of the Industrial Revolution in England.

Arkwright was born in 1732 and he became a very important man in the early years of the industrial revolution in England.

He patented the technology in the water frame in 1769. His work also earned him a knighthood.
Richard Arkwright was the inventor of the water frame, also called a water-powered spinning frame. The design was partly based on a spinning machine built for Thomas Highs by clock maker John Kay, who was hired by Arkwright. He was a leading entrepreneur and also an inventor. An Arkwright water frame that was made in 1775 #6 His Cromford Mill was the first successful cotton spinning factory. The new factories brought a lot of change to the systems of cloth production and the Victorians even called Arkwright the “Father of the factory system” (“Richard Arkwright”). Richard Arkwright’s specification for his spinning frame, 1769 (C73/13 m31) This became known as the water-frame, which used water power at Arkwright’s mill at Cromford, Derbyshire in 1771. This invention made him a very rich man. The water frame is the name given to a spinning frame, when water power is used to drive it. The water frame is derived from the use of a water wheel to drive a number of spinning frames. Arkwright was born in Preston, UK in 1732 and died in Cromford, UK in 1792. In 1771, Arkwright established the world’s first water-powered mill in Cromford, Derbyshire.Known as Cromford Mill it was the first successful cotton spinning factory and laid the foundation of Arkwright’s fortune. The invention of the Water Frame had a very big impact on society, as there were many new job opportunities that came with the growth of the textile industry.

The water frame is the name given to a water-powered spinning frame developed by Richard Arkwright, who patented the technology in 1769. Sir Richard Arkwright (3 January 1733 – 3 August 1792) was an Englishman who invented the spinning frame – later renamed the water frame following the transition to water power.

Both are credited to Richard Arkwright who patented the technology in 1768.