Numerous nursing textbooks heavily emphasize the development of critical thinking skills in students. Since safety is a top priority, nurses can use their critical thinking, clinical reasoning to help develop and apply safety and quality improvement with clinical judgement (Leibold, 2020). Many authors have come up with thoughtful definitions. • Describe the importance of critical thinking in nursing. These types of skills are important not just for clinical care, but for making important policy decisions. The National Council on State Boards of Nursing (NCBSN) defines clinical judgement as the observed outcome of critical thinking and decision making. Nurses give critical care 24/7, so the critical thinking skills of nurses can really mean the difference between someone living or dying. Sound clinical judgment is essential in nursing because decisions made influence patient outcomes. • Contrast the characteristics of “novice thinking” with those of “expert thinking.” • Explain the purpose and phases of the nursing process.

CHAPTER 8 Critical thinking, the nursing process, and clinical judgment Learning outcomes After studying this chapter, students will be able to: • Define critical thinking. Clinical judgement in nursing critical thinking Describe an example of how a nurse can use clinical reasoning and judgment with quality improvement practices. clinical judgement, a concept which is critical to the nursing profession as a result of its outcomes. Nurses’ ability to recognize and respond to signs of patient deterioration in a timely manner plays a pivotal role in patient outcomes (Purling & King 2012).

• Describe the components and characteristics of critical thinking. • Understand the relationship of critical thinking to clinical judgment and the nursing process. 9 Critical Thinking, Clinical Judgment, and the Nursing Process Brenda Morris, EdD, RN, CNE OBJECTIVES At the completion of this chapter, the reader will be able to: • Define critical thinking. Design This concept analysis guided by Walker and Avant’s framework, dissects the concept to promote clarity and consensus. Nursing practice demands that practitioners display sound judgement and decision-making skills as critical thinking and clinical decision making is an essential component of nursing practice. Critical thinking skills are very important in the nursing field because they are what you use to prioritize and make key decisions that can save lives. Nonetheless, the topic is complex, so humility and simplicity are required to grasp this concept.