Laws and views on abortion vary greatly in Theravada Buddhist nations. Buddhism
For Japanese Buddhism's view of abortion see William R. LaFleur, Liquid Life: Abortion and Buddhism and Japan (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1992). Many different secular and religious viewpoints have been expressed. Return to text. Southern Buddhism. Zenkei Blanche Hartman: The Dalai Lama has said, “Of course, abortion, from a Buddhist viewpoint, is an act of killing and is negative, generally speaking. This naturally inclines Buddhism against legalized abortion.  While abortion is still viewed as negative in Burma (Myanmar), it is allegedly also employed with some frequency to prevent out-of-wedlock births. There are, however, exceptions—in Buddhism, there are different levels of life and not all life is equal. Laws and views on abortion vary greatly in Theravada Buddhist nations. Though Buddhism has clearly a "pro-life" position on abortion, the final decision should be left to the pregnant woman.
Damien Keown, Buddhism and Bioethics (London: Macmillan, 1995). Abortion, for the purpose of eliminating an unwanted child, and permanent sterilization are generally forbidden to Bahá'ís unless there is some medical reason for it. Taking the life of any living thing is generally condemned in Buddhism, so of course killing a fetus would not meet with easy approval. 2. Attitudes and laws in Thailand are generally more favourable towards abortion than in Sri Lanka. Southern Buddhism. Attitudes and laws in Thailand are generally more favourable towards abortion than in Sri Lanka. Much of what has been written are liberal beliefs and overturning what is written down in the texts. While abortion is still viewed as negative in Burma (Myanmar), it is allegedly also employed with some frequency to prevent out-of-wedlock births. But it depends on the circumstances… I think abortion should be approved or disapproved according to each circumstance” (New York Times, 28/11/1993). At present, Bahá'ís are encouraged to decide based on their own conscience in light of general guidance found in Bahá'í writings. Kerry Stewart: Dr William LaFleur, author of Liquid Life: Abortion and Buddhism in Japan.
The abortion debate rages on. Share this: What do Theravada Buddhists believe in terms of abortion?
Buddhists approach the issue through their belief in a continuous cycle of life, death and rebirth. Abortion is an emotive and challenging subject for every religion. Thus, Buddhism strongly discourages abortion except in the situation of an immediate threat to the mother's life.