Contact the specific publisher for questions about their site. Goal: Analyze the text structure of a nonfiction article. They reread the article, focusing on the cause and effect of the dust storm. To review, text structure is the method of organizing a piece of writing. Working in mixed-ability groups of three to four students, they discuss how the article is structured or organized, paying particular attention to the headers. Text structure refers to how the information within a written text is organized. Step 1: Distribute the Text Structures Chart printable and explain what text structures are and what clues students can use to identify text structures. Prior to reading, skim and scan passages and make predictions about text structure. Text structure is a valuable component of comprehension instruction at all levels, and it is important to start it early. Article structure. When faced with a new text, students can observe the organizational pattern of the text and look for cues to differentiate and pinpoint which of the text structures was used by the author. Activity: Students reread the nonfiction article. Teach the signal words for each text structure. Articles in PubMed Central are freely available. SWBAT identify nonfiction texts that are organized in the chronological/sequence structure. Make predicting possible text structures a part of every pre-reading activity. After the initial identification of the five text structures, Meyer and colleagues conducted additional research about what and how good readers remembered information (Meyer, Brandt, & Bluth, 1980).
Expand to View All Common Core State Standards Related to Text Structure. Text Structure Worksheet 11 – Beep, boop, beep! CCSS.ELA-Literacy.CCRA.R.5 – Analyze the structure of texts, including how specific sentences, paragraphs, and larger portions of the text (e.g., a section, chapter, scene, or stanza) relate to each other and the whole. Writers have a plan of attack in mind when writing nonfiction pieces in time order.

Text structure is the arrangement of ideas and the relationships among the ideas; readers and writers who are familiar with text structure recognize how the information is unfolding. You should consider the best way to structure your article before you begin writing. Students read the passages, identify the text structure, and represent the information using the appropriate graphic organizer. Compare and contrast the overall structure (e.g., chronology, comparison, cause/effect, problem/solution) of events, ideas, concepts, or information in two or more texts. The Text Structure Strategy was designed, developed, and refined through many years of research. Without a specific style of organization, writing can fail to achieve its purpose and be misunderstood by the reader. Non-fiction text structures refer to HOW an author organizes information in an expository text. 4. This strategy helps students understand that a text might present a main idea and details; a cause and then its effects; and/or different views of a topic. Skim and scan to predict text structure(s). This worksheet has ten text structure passages about computers. Click on the PubMed Central link or a Publisher's link to access the full text of the article. 5. This worksheet will require students to … During reading, analyze text and revise predictions about structure.
Step 2: Help students understand the importance of understanding text structure by explaining that a reader who is aware of the patterns that are being used can anticipate the kind of information that will be presented. Teaching students to recognize common text structures can help students monitor their comprehension. 3. Articles on Publisher's websites are either freely available or can be accessed with a fee. ELA Standards: Informational Texts.

Common Core Reading Standard #5 focuses on teaching text structure.